Pharmaceutical Name: Fructus Citri
Botanical Name: 1. Citrus medica L.. 2. Citrus Wilsonii Tanaka
Common Name: Citron fruit
Source of Earliest Record: Bencao Tujing
Part Used: The ripe fruit is gathered in October, cleaned, dried in the sun and cut into slices.
Natural Properties & Taste: Pungent, slightly bitter, sour and warm
Meridians: Liver, spleen and lung
1. To promote the free flow of qi in the liver.
2. To harmonize the spleen and stomach and resolve phlegm.
1. Qi stagnation in the liver manifested as costal pain and stifling sensation in the chest. Citron (Xiangyuan) is used with Curcuma root (Yujin), Finger citron (Foshou) and Cyperus tuber (Xiangfu).
2. Qi stagnation in the spleen and stomach manifested as epigastric and abdominal distension and pain, nausea, vomiting, poor appetite and belching. Citron (Xiangyuan) is used with Costus root (Muxiang), Finger citron (Foshou), Bitter orange (Zhiqiao) and Tangerine peel (Chenpi).
3. Cough with profuse sputum. Citron (Xiangyuan) is used with Pinellia tuber (Banxia) and Poria (Fuling).
Dosage: 3-10 g