Coptis Rhizome (Huang Lian)

黃連
Coptis root (Huanglian)

Pharmaceutical Name: Rhizoma Coptidis

Botanical Name: 1. Coptis chinensis Franch. C.. 2. Coptis diltoidea C. Y. Cheng et Hsiao. 3. Coptis teetoides C. Y. Cheng

Common Name: Coptis root

Source of Earliest Record: Shennong Bencao Jing

Part Used: Five to seven year old roots, or rhizomes, are dug and gathered in autumn and dried for use, or fried with ginger juice.

Natural Properties & Taste: Bitter and cold

Meridians: Heart, liver, stomach and large intestine

Therapeutic Effects:
1. To clear heat and dry dampness.
2. To reduce fire and dispel toxins.

Indications:
1. Damp-heat syndromes: a) damp-heat blocking the middle jiao manifested as a full sensation in the epigastric region and vomitingCoptis root (Huanglian) is used with Scutellaria root (Huangqin), Pinellia tuber (Banxia) and Dried ginger (Ganjiang). b) damp-heat accumulated in the intestines manifested as diarrhea or dysenteryCoptis root (Huanglian) is used with Scutellaria root (Huangqin) and Pueraria root (Gegen). if the resulting manifestation is tenesmus, Coptis root (Huanglian) is used with Costus root (Muxiang) in the formula Xiang Lian Wan.

2. Liver fire attacking the stomach manifested as vomiting. Coptis root (Huanglian) is used with Evodia fruit (Wuzhuyu). If it is heat in the stomach which causes vomiting, Coptis root (Huanglian) is used with Bamboo shavings (Zhuru).

3. Febrile diseases manifested as high fever, irritability, loss of consciousness and delirium. Coptis root (Huanglian) is used with Gypsum (Shigao) and Capejasmine (Zhizi).

4. Boils, carbuncles and furuncles. Coptis root (Huanglian) is used with Scutellaria root (Huangqin), Honeysuckle flower (Jinyinhua), Forsythia fruit (Lianqiao) and Capejasmine (Zhizi).

5. Excessive fire in the stomach. If the manifestation is hunger after consuming sufficient food, Coptis root (Huanglian) is used with Fresh rehmannia root (Shengdihuang) and Trichosanthes root (Tianhuafen). If the manifestation is a toothache, Coptis root (Huanglian) is used with Cimicifuga rhizome (Shengma) and Fresh rehmannia root (Shengdihuang).

Dosage: 2-10 g

Cautions & Contraindications: This herb should be used with caution. large dosages may weaken the stomach.

About the Author:

Hi, I'm Grace Chen. I’m enthusiastic about Traditional Chinese Medicine, natural healing including Chinese Medicinal Herbs, Acupressure, Qi-Gong, foot massage and more. My passion for herbs had been a lifelong journey beginning as a young girl always been fascinated by my grandfather’s Chinese Herbal Medicine chest, full of amazing goodies helping people get well. To chase my dreams, I created a website, HerbalShop.com to share my passion, my grandfather Dr. Chen’s herbal recipes, interesting new and the translation of the classical Chinese herbal formulas with the world. Hope you enjoy it!